FHA (Federal Housing Administration) is part of HUD. The loans insured by the FHA are known as FHA loans. FHA loans are designed to promote home ownership by offering financing with little down payment and more lenient underwriting guidelines than typical conventional loans.
Here are a few benefits of FHA loans:
Easier use of gift funds for closing
Smaller investment from home buyer (typically 3.5% of purchase price)
No pre-payment penalties
Less stringent credit requirements than conventional loans